Folk Dance of Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh State folk dance of entire India have a unique identity of their own. The dances and folk tales here make its culture important. Chhattisgarh is very rich in terms of folk tales. The oldest human culture is still present here in the form of mural paintings, theatres, temples and folk dances.
Major Folk Dances of Chhattisgarh
- The full moon of the month of Magh is very important for the cult of Guru Ghasidas, because on this day the Satnami marks the birth anniversary of their Guru. Establishing ‘Jaitkham’ on the occasion, they become engrossed in ‘Panthi dance’.
- It is a fast-paced dance in which the dancers display their physical skills and agility. Dressed in white dhoti, kamarband and ghungroo, the dancers seem mesmerized as they perform sensual movements to the rhythm of mridang and cymbals.
- The lead dancer takes up the line of the first song, which the other dancers repeat and begin to dance. Initially the tempo of song, music and dance is slow. As the song progresses and the tempo of the mridangam intensifies, so do the sensual movements of the panthi dancers.
- The dance moves change with the lyrics and intro of the song, interspersed with formations of human towers. And amazing feats are also shown.
- During this time also, the flow of song-music and dance continues and the magic of Panthi begins to speak on its head. The lead dancer encourages the dancers by chanting the words ‘aha, aha…’ in between.
- Guru Ghasidas Baba is also chanted. The lead dancer also whistles after a short interval, which is the signal to change the dance moves.
- Kaksar dance is a well-known dance performed by Abhujmaria tribe of Bastar district of Chhattisgarh state. It is performed after the worship of ‘Kaksar’, the god of rain.
- The Kaksar dance is accompanied by music and melodious sounds of ghungroos, creating an exciting atmosphere. Through this dance Young men and women get the opportunity to find their life partner.
- Raut dance is one of the folk dances of Chhattisgarh state. This dance is also called ‘Ahira’ or ‘Gahira’ dance.
- Raut has its own culture not only in Chhattisgarh but all over India. Their way of life, dress, food and customs are also different.
- Even after education has reached every nook and corner of the country, Raut has not forgotten its ancient heritage.
- People of this caste, famous in the world by the names of Yadav, Pahatiya, Thethwar and Raut etc., celebrate this dance festival as ‘Dewari’. ‘ (Diwali).
Raut dance has three parts-
- Suhai tying, matar puja and kachan offering. On the second day of ‘Surhoti’, the worship of Maa Lakshmi is followed by Govardhan Puja.
- After worshiping his favorite deity, Raut sets out to tie the knot at his master’s house.
- tie a sohai around a cow’s neck and pray for its growth
- Sua dance is a dance form of the women of Chhattisgarh state, performed in groups.
- The emotion of the female mind, the expression of her joys and sorrows, and the gracefulness of her limbs ‘Suva dance’ or ‘Suvana’ ‘.
- ‘Sua dance’ begins on the day of Diwali. After this the dance continues till the month of Agahan.
- Danda dance is a folk dance of Chhattisgarh state. This dance is also called ‘Saila dance’.
- It is the most artistic and group dance of men. Rhythm has special importance in Danda dance. The beat of the baton produces the rhythm.
- This dance is called ‘Danda Nritya’ in the plains and ‘Saila Nritya’ in the hills. ‘Saila’ is a modified form of Shaila, which means ‘mountainous region’.
- Danda dance is performed from the month of Kartik to the month of Phalgun. It ends in the plains on the day of Paush Purnima i.e. Chherchera.
- Renowned litterateur Pandit Mukutdhar Pandey has addressed this dance as the Raas of Chhattisgarh.
- Domkach dance is one of the main folk dances of Chhattisgarh. This dance is a very favorite dance of the tribal boys and girls.
- This dance is usually performed on auspicious occasions like marriages etc. This is the reason why this dance is also known as ‘Marriage Dance’.
- The Domkach dance is performed throughout the night from the month of Aghaan to Ashadha.
- Mostly this dance is performed in a circular form. A boy and a girl dance around the neck and waist. I dance freely, holding hands back and forth.
- Mandar, cymbals and timki are the main instruments of this dance. ‘ is more commonly used.
- Chhattisgarh is one of the famous folk dances of the state. The Maria Gaur tribals of Bastar region of Chhattisgarh are well known for their dances.
- Among these dances, the Gadi dance is also an impressive dance, which shows the physical balance of the dancers.
- The dance is performed by balancing the body on wooden poles with foot movements. Occurs in the months of June to August.
- The dancers who perform the dance have a belt studded with cowries tied around their waist. This is accompanied by the beat of traditional folk songs. The dance picks up.
- Mandar, Shehnai, Chatkula, Duff, Timki and Singh Baja are the main instruments used in this dance.
- It is a popular folk dance of the tribal society of Chhattisgarh region. After fasting on Ekadashi of Bhadon month, the branch of Karam tree is planted in the courtyard or Chaugan of the house.
- On the second day, the consumption of Navana starts only after offering it to the deity.
- The Karma dance is performed to celebrate the new harvest.
- This dance is synonymous with the folk culture of Chhattisgarh. This is the folk auspicious dance of Chhattisgarh’s tribals and non-tribals.
- The Karma Nritya, Satpura and Vindhya mountain rangesIt is also practiced among the Niyans in remote villages.
- The Gonds and Baigas of Shahdol, Mandla and the Korku and Pardhan castes of Balaghat and Seoni dance many forms of Karma. are.
- Baiga Karma, Gond Karma and Bhuniyan Karma are considered tribal dances.
- In a folk dance of Chhattisgarh, the incarnation of ‘Karamseni Devi’ is believed to be in the Gond household, in another song Considered home to Ghasias.
Types of Karma Dance
- Though there are many styles of Karma dance, but five styles are prevalent in Chhattisgarh, in which Jhumar, Langda, Thada , Lahki and Khemta. The dance which is danced with jhoom-jhoom is called ‘Jhoomar’.
- Langda is a dance sung by bending one leg. The waving dance is called ‘Lahki’ and the standing dance is called ‘Thadha’. ‘Khemta’ is a dance performed by keeping the feet back and forth and flexing the waist. It is a matter of pleasure that every song of Chhattisgarh gets included in it.
- Both men and women participate in the Karma dance. It is danced in all seasons except the rainy season. The tribals of Sitapur Tehsil of Surguja, Jashpur of Raigarh and Dharamjaygarh perform this dance only for four days in a year.
- On the occasion of Ekadashi Karma dance Navakhai, the birth of a son, auspicious wishes for the son; brother-sister love affair in the Karma dance form called Athai; The Karma dance called Dashai and the Karma dance on the day of Diwali is drenched with the love of young men and women
- Sarhul dance is an ethnic dance of the Oraon caste living in Surguja, Jashpur and Dharamjaigarh tehsils in the state of Chhattisgarh.
- This dance is performed on the full moon night of Chaitra month. This dance is a primitive form of nature worship.
Sarhul dance event
- It is the belief of the tribals that Mahadev resides in a group of Sal trees, which are called ‘Sarna’ here. reside.
- This dance is performed on the night of Chaitra Purnima to please Mahadev and Dev Pitras and wish for happiness and peace. goes.
- The tribal Baiga worships the Sarna tree. There water is sprinkled from the Sarna flower by keeping water in the pot. It is at this time that the Sarhul dance is started.
- The early songs of the Sarhul dance are pious and praise the gods, but as the night progresses , with that the dancing and music get intoxicating.
- Alcohol is also consumed on this occasion. This dance is a very primitive form of nature worship.
Gaur Madiya Dance
- Gaur is performed by the Madiya tribe in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh state.
- The dance of this tribe is very cheerful, lively and vigorous.
- This dance is usually performed on occasions like marriages etc. The dance is named after the gaur buffalo.